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Section 210.14-a Proof of Default Judgment in Consumer Credit Matters (Uniform Civil Rules for the City Courts Outside the City of New York)

(a) Definitions.

(1) For purposes of this section a consumer credit transaction means a revolving or open-end credit transaction wherein credit is extended by a financial institution, which is in the business of extending credit, to an individual primarily for personal, family or household purposes, the terms of which include periodic payment provisions, late charges and interest accrual. A consumer credit transaction does not include debt incurred in connection with, among others, medical services, student loans, auto loans or retail installment contracts.

(2) Original creditor means the financial institution that owned the consumer credit account at the time the account was charged off, even if that financial institution did not originate the account. Charged-off consumer debt means a consumer debt that has been removed from an original creditor’s books as an asset and treated as a loss or expense.

(3) Debt buyer means a person or entity that is regularly engaged in the business of purchasing charged-off consumer debt for collection purposes, whether it collects the debt itself, hires a third party for collection, or hires an attorney for collection litigation.

(4) Credit agreement means a copy of a contract or other document governing the account provided to the defendant evidencing the defendant’s agreement to the debt, the amount due on the account, the name of the original creditor, the account number, and the name and address of the defendant. The charge-off statement or the monthly statement recording the most recent purchase transaction, payment or balance transfer shall be deemed sufficient evidence of a credit agreement.

(b) Applicability. Together with any other affidavits required under New York law, the following affidavits shall be required as part of a default judgment application arising from a consumer credit transaction where such application is made to the clerk under CPLR 3215(a).

(1) In original creditor actions, the affidavit set forth in subsection (c), effective October 1, 2014.

(2) In debt buyer actions involving debt purchased from an original creditor on or after October 1, 2014, the affidavits set forth in subsection (d).

(3) Except as set forth in paragraph four of this subsection, the affidavits set forth in subsection (d) shall not be required in debt buyer actions involving debt purchased from an original creditor before October 1, 2014. The plaintiff shall be required to affirm in its affidavit of facts that the debt was purchased from the original creditor before October 1, 2014 and attach proof of that fact.

(4) Effective July 1, 2015, the affidavits set forth in subsection (d) shall be required in all debt buyer actions notwithstanding that the debt was purchased from an original creditor before October 1, 2014.

(5) In all original creditor and debt buyer actions, the affidavit of non-expiration of statute of limitations set forth in subsection (e), effective October 1, 2014.

(c) Where the plaintiff is the original creditor, the plaintiff must submit the AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS BY ORIGINAL CREDITOR.

(d) Where the plaintiff is a debt buyer, the plaintiff must submit the AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS AND PURCHASE OF ACCOUNT BY DEBT BUYER PLAINTIFF, the AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS AND SALE OF ACCOUNT BY ORIGINAL CREDITOR and, if applicable, the AFFIDAVIT OF PURCHASE AND SALE OF ACCOUNT BY DEBT SELLER for each debt seller who owned the debt prior to the plaintiff.

(e) In all applications for a default judgment arising from a consumer credit transaction, the plaintiff must submit the AFFIRMATION OF NON-EXPIRATION OF STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS executed by counsel.

(f) The affidavits required by this section may not be combined. Affidavits may be augmented to provide explanatory details, and supplemental affidavits may be filed for the same purpose.

(g) The affidavits required by this section shall be supported by exhibits, including a copy of the credit agreement as defined in this section, the bill of sale or written assignment of the account where applicable, and relevant business records of the Original Creditor that set forth the name of the defendant; the last four digits of the account number; the date and amount of the charge-off balance; the date and amount of the last payment, if any; the amounts of any post-charge-off interest and post-charge-off fees and charges, less any post-charge-off credits or payments made by or on behalf the defendant; and the balance due at the time of sale.

(h) If a verified complaint has been served, it may be used as the plaintiff’s affidavit of facts where it satisfies the elements of the AFFIDAVIT OF FACTS AND PURCHASE OF ACCOUNT BY DEBT BUYER PLAINTIFF.

(i) The County Clerk or clerk of the court shall refuse to accept for filing a default judgment application that does not comply with the requirements of this section.

(j) Nothing in this section is intended to impair a plaintiff’s ability to make a default judgment application to the court as authorized under CPLR 3215(b).

Historical Note
Added Sept. 15, 2014, eff. Oct. 1, 2014